高中英语重要的知识点汇总

时间 :2020-08-09点击 :栏目 :高考动态
  高中英语知识归纳

  一、地点状语从句

  由下列连词引导:where, wherever, anywhere, everywhere。 You are free to go wherever you like. 你可以去你想要去的任何地方。

  Anywhere he went, he got warm welcome. 无论他走到哪儿,都收到热烈欢迎。

  Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

  二、结果状语从句

  由下列连词引导:that,so…that,such…that,so that等。注意以下几种结构:

  1).so+adj/adv+that… 2).such(a/an+adj)+n+that…

  3).so+adj+a/an+n+that=such a/an+adj+n+that… 4).so many/much/few/little(少)+n+that…

  5)such +(adj) +n (u /pl )+ that

  He spoke so fast that I couldn’t follow him. 他说的如此的快,我跟不上他。

  It was such a lovely day / so lovely a day that we all went swimming天气好,我们大家都去游泳了。

  So或such置于句首时,主句常倒装。

  It was such a lovely day / so lovely a day that we all went swimming .

  =Such a lovely day was it that we all went swimming.

  注意以上结构与定语从句so/such…as的区别。   This is such an interesting/so interesting a film that everyone wants to see it.   This is such an interesting/so interesting a film as everyone wants to see.

  高中英语语法知识点

  主谓一致(Subject- Verb Agreement),指”人称”和”数方面的一致关系.如: He is going abroad. They are playing football. 可分为:语法一致, 内容一致, 就近一致.

  (一) 语法一致原则:

  即主语为单数,谓语用单数,主语为复数,谓语也用复数. 以下为注意事项:

  1. 单数主语即使后面带有with , along with, together with, like(象), but (除了),except, besides, as well as, no less than, rather than(而不是), including, in addition to 引导的短语, 谓语动词仍用单数.

  如: Air as well as water is matter. 空气和水都是物质.   No one except two servants was late for the dinner.

  除了两个仆人外, 没有一个人迟来用餐。

  2. 用and连接的并列主语,如果主语是同一个人,同一事,同一概念, 谓语动词用单数, 否则用复数. 如:

  The poet and writer has come. 那位诗人兼作家来了.(一个人)

  A hammer and a saw are useful tools. 锤子和锯都是有用的工具. (两样物)

  用and连接的成对名词习惯上被看成是一个整体, 如:bread and butter(黄油抹面包), knife and fork(刀叉)等作主语时, 谓语动词用单数。

  3. 不定式(短语), 动名词(短语), 或从句作主语时, 谓语动词用单数. 如: Serving the people is my great happiness.   为人民服务是我最大的幸福.   When we’ll go out for an outing has been decided.

  我们什么时候出去郊游已决定了。

  4. 当连接的并列主语被each, every 或no修饰时, 谓语动词用单数.

  Every boy and every girl likes to go swimming. 每个男孩和每个女孩都喜欢去游泳. No teacher and no student was absent from the meeting. 没有老师也没有学生开会缺席. Each man and (each) woman is asked to help. 每个男人和每个女人都被请去帮忙。

  高中英语知识点

  一、some与any的区别 ①some多用于肯定句,表示“一些,几个”作形容词时,后面可以接①不可数名词+单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。 Look! Some of the students are cleaning the library. Some rice in the bag has been sold out.

  ②any多用于疑问句、条件句和否定句中,表示“一些,任何”用作形容词时,后面可以接①不可数名词+单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。 If you have any questions, please ask me. There isn't any orange in the bottle. Have you got any tea?

  ③any和some也可以作代词用,表示“一些”。any多用于疑问句或否定句中,some多用于肯定句中。

  How many people can you see in the picture? I can't see any. If you have no money, I'll lend you some.

  注意:与some, any结合的词如something, somebody, someone, anything, anyone, anybody在肯定句、否定句、疑问句、条件句中的用法,大致和some, any的用法相同。

  二、 few, a few, little, a little在用法上的区别

  ①用作形容词:含义

  用法 表示肯定 表示否定

  用于可数名词 a few虽少,但有几个 few不多,几乎没有

  用于不可数名词 a little,虽少,但有一点 little不多,没有什么

  I'm going to buy a few apples He can speak only a little Chinese There is only a little milk in the glass. He has few friends.   They had little money with them.

  ②a little和little也可以用作副词,a little表示“有点,稍微”,little表示“很少”。 I'm a little hungry. (修饰形容词hungry)

  Let him sleep a little. (修饰动词sleep) Mary, go a little faster, please. (修饰副词比较级) She slept very little last night.

  三、other, the other, another, others, the others的区别。

  用 法 代名词 形容词 单数 复数 单数 复数 不定 another另一个 others别人,其他人 another (boy)另一个(男孩) other

  the others其余那些人、物 the other (boy)另一个男孩 the other (boys)其余那些男孩 (boys)其他男孩特定 the other另一个。



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